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Workshop of Gian Lorenzo Bernini (Italian, 1598 - 1680)

Cardinal de Richelieu

Cardinal de Richelieu

c. 1641
marble
26 in.

Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Edward W. Lane, Jr., AG.1970.7.1

Cardinal de Richelieu, born Armand Jean du Plessis (1585-1642), was eventually, the virtual ruler of France. Bernini completed a marble portrait bust of the Cardinal in 1640. The pre-eminent sculptor and architect of his day, Bernini's work is characterized by the dramatic play of light and dark seen in the deep carving of this piece. The solemn, piercing gaze of the Cardinal and the slipped button on his lapel silently convey the dynamic tension for which the artist was known.

This sculpture is one of several nearly identical marble portrait busts of Richelieu credited to Bernini's workshop or assistants. Similarities between the drill marks and details found on this bust and the original, at the Musée du Louvre in Paris, suggest that this marble was created in Bernini's studio in the presence of the original. Bernini executed the original bust in Rome while Cardinal Richelieu was in France. Access to a triple portrait of the cardinal by Philippe de Champaigne (1602-1674), showing Richelieu from three angles, made it possible for Bernini to carve a close likeness. The number of seventeenth-century copies of this work attests to the popularity of the original at a time when studio assistants were producing sought-after replicas under the supervision of their master.

Visitor's Comments:

"Bernini didn't want to do the bust, but was forced to. The cardinal was very precise in his dress, so as a slight Bernini made one of his 3 buttons half in and half out. I was sent here as an extra credit project for SJRCC. This piece was listed in my humanities book and I thought it was cool to see it in person." - anonymous

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Permanent Art Location: 
Italian
Permanent Art Life Span: 
1598 - 1680
Catalog Number: 
AG.1970.7.1
Permanent Artist First Name: 
Workshop of Gian Lorenzo
Permanent Artist Last Name: 
Bernini
Permanent Image: 
Add "c."?: 
Yes
Permanent Year: 
1641
Permanent Period: 
17th Century European Baroque Art
Permanent Material: 
marble<br />26 in.

Cardinal de Richelieu, born Armand Jean du Plessis (1585-1642), was eventually, the virtual ruler of France. Bernini completed a marble portrait bust of the Cardinal in 1640. The pre-eminent sculptor and architect of his day, Bernini's work is characterized by the dramatic play of light and dark seen in the deep carving of this piece. The solemn, piercing gaze of the Cardinal and the slipped button on his lapel silently convey the dynamic tension for which the artist was known.

This sculpture is one of several nearly identical marble portrait busts of Richelieu credited to Bernini's workshop or assistants. Similarities between the drill marks and details found on this bust and the original, at the Musée du Louvre in Paris, suggest that this marble was created in Bernini's studio in the presence of the original. Bernini executed the original bust in Rome while Cardinal Richelieu was in France. Access to a triple portrait of the cardinal by Philippe de Champaigne (1602-1674), showing Richelieu from three angles, made it possible for Bernini to carve a close likeness. The number of seventeenth-century copies of this work attests to the popularity of the original at a time when studio assistants were producing sought-after replicas under the supervision of their master.

Permanent Gift: 
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Edward W. Lane, Jr.
Permanent Quote: 
"Bernini didn't want to do the bust, but was forced to. The cardinal was very precise in his dress, so as a slight Bernini made one of his 3 buttons half in and half out. I was sent here as an extra credit project for SJRCC. This piece was listed in my humanities book and I thought it was cool to see it in person." <strong>- anonymous</strong>
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The cardinal was very precise in his dress, so as a slight Bernini made one of his 3 buttons half in and half out. I was sent here as an extra credit project for SJRCC. This piece was listed in my humanities book and I thought it was cool to see it in person." - anonymous [safe] => "Bernini didn't want to do the bust, but was forced to. The cardinal was very precise in his dress, so as a slight Bernini made one of his 3 buttons half in and half out. I was sent here as an extra credit project for SJRCC. This piece was listed in my humanities book and I thought it was cool to see it in person." <strong>- anonymous</strong> [view] => "Bernini didn't want to do the bust, but was forced to. The cardinal was very precise in his dress, so as a slight Bernini made one of his 3 buttons half in and half out. I was sent here as an extra credit project for SJRCC. 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Cardinal de Richelieu, born Armand Jean du Plessis (1585-1642), was eventually, the virtual ruler of France. Bernini completed a marble portrait bust of the Cardinal in 1640. The pre-eminent sculptor and architect of his day, Bernini's work is characterized by the dramatic play of light and dark seen in the deep carving of this piece. The solemn, piercing gaze of the Cardinal and the slipped button on his lapel silently convey the dynamic tension for which the artist was known.

This sculpture is one of several nearly identical marble portrait busts of Richelieu credited to Bernini's workshop or assistants. Similarities between the drill marks and details found on this bust and the original, at the Musée du Louvre in Paris, suggest that this marble was created in Bernini's studio in the presence of the original. Bernini executed the original bust in Rome while Cardinal Richelieu was in France. Access to a triple portrait of the cardinal by Philippe de Champaigne (1602-1674), showing Richelieu from three angles, made it possible for Bernini to carve a close likeness. The number of seventeenth-century copies of this work attests to the popularity of the original at a time when studio assistants were producing sought-after replicas under the supervision of their master.

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Permanent Gift: 
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Edward W. Lane, Jr.
[#printed] => 1 ) [field_permanent_quote] => Array ( [#type_name] => permanent_art [#context] => full [#field_name] => field_permanent_quote [#post_render] => Array ( [0] => content_field_wrapper_post_render ) [#weight] => 27 [field] => Array ( [#description] => [items] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [#formatter] => default [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type_name] => permanent_art [#field_name] => field_permanent_quote [#weight] => 0 [#theme] => text_formatter_default [#item] => Array ( [value] => "Bernini didn't want to do the bust, but was forced to. The cardinal was very precise in his dress, so as a slight Bernini made one of his 3 buttons half in and half out. I was sent here as an extra credit project for SJRCC. This piece was listed in my humanities book and I thought it was cool to see it in person." - anonymous [safe] => "Bernini didn't want to do the bust, but was forced to. The cardinal was very precise in his dress, so as a slight Bernini made one of his 3 buttons half in and half out. I was sent here as an extra credit project for SJRCC. This piece was listed in my humanities book and I thought it was cool to see it in person." <strong>- anonymous</strong> [#delta] => 0 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#theme_used] => 1 [#printed] => 1 [#type] => [#value] => [#prefix] => [#suffix] => [#children] => "Bernini didn't want to do the bust, but was forced to. The cardinal was very precise in his dress, so as a slight Bernini made one of his 3 buttons half in and half out. I was sent here as an extra credit project for SJRCC. This piece was listed in my humanities book and I thought it was cool to see it in person." <strong>- anonymous</strong> ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] => "Bernini didn't want to do the bust, but was forced to. The cardinal was very precise in his dress, so as a slight Bernini made one of his 3 buttons half in and half out. I was sent here as an extra credit project for SJRCC. This piece was listed in my humanities book and I thought it was cool to see it in person." <strong>- anonymous</strong> [#printed] => 1 ) [#single] => 1 [#attributes] => Array ( ) [#required] => [#parents] => Array ( ) [#tree] => [#context] => full [#page] => 1 [#field_name] => field_permanent_quote [#title] => Permanent Quote [#access] => 1 [#label_display] => above [#teaser] => [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type] => content_field [#children] => "Bernini didn't want to do the bust, but was forced to. The cardinal was very precise in his dress, so as a slight Bernini made one of his 3 buttons half in and half out. I was sent here as an extra credit project for SJRCC. This piece was listed in my humanities book and I thought it was cool to see it in person." <strong>- anonymous</strong> [#printed] => 1 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] =>
Permanent Quote: 
"Bernini didn't want to do the bust, but was forced to. The cardinal was very precise in his dress, so as a slight Bernini made one of his 3 buttons half in and half out. I was sent here as an extra credit project for SJRCC. This piece was listed in my humanities book and I thought it was cool to see it in person." <strong>- anonymous</strong>
[#printed] => 1 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] =>
Permanent Art Location: 
Italian
Permanent Art Life Span: 
1598 - 1680
Catalog Number: 
AG.1970.7.1
Permanent Artist First Name: 
Workshop of Gian Lorenzo
Permanent Artist Last Name: 
Bernini
Permanent Image: 
Add "c."?: 
Yes
Permanent Year: 
1641
Permanent Period: 
17th Century European Baroque Art
Permanent Material: 
marble<br />26 in.

Cardinal de Richelieu, born Armand Jean du Plessis (1585-1642), was eventually, the virtual ruler of France. Bernini completed a marble portrait bust of the Cardinal in 1640. The pre-eminent sculptor and architect of his day, Bernini's work is characterized by the dramatic play of light and dark seen in the deep carving of this piece. The solemn, piercing gaze of the Cardinal and the slipped button on his lapel silently convey the dynamic tension for which the artist was known.

This sculpture is one of several nearly identical marble portrait busts of Richelieu credited to Bernini's workshop or assistants. Similarities between the drill marks and details found on this bust and the original, at the Musée du Louvre in Paris, suggest that this marble was created in Bernini's studio in the presence of the original. Bernini executed the original bust in Rome while Cardinal Richelieu was in France. Access to a triple portrait of the cardinal by Philippe de Champaigne (1602-1674), showing Richelieu from three angles, made it possible for Bernini to carve a close likeness. The number of seventeenth-century copies of this work attests to the popularity of the original at a time when studio assistants were producing sought-after replicas under the supervision of their master.

Permanent Gift: 
Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Edward W. Lane, Jr.
Permanent Quote: 
"Bernini didn't want to do the bust, but was forced to. The cardinal was very precise in his dress, so as a slight Bernini made one of his 3 buttons half in and half out. I was sent here as an extra credit project for SJRCC. This piece was listed in my humanities book and I thought it was cool to see it in person." <strong>- anonymous</strong>
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