American Association of Museums logo

› Orchid with an Amethyst Hummingbird

Martin Johnson Heade (American, 1819 - 1904)

Orchid with an Amethyst Hummingbird

Orchid with an Amethyst Hummingbird

c. 1875-1890
oil on canvas
18 1/16 x 10 1/8 in.

Bequest of Ninah M. H. Cummer, C.0.112.1

Martin Johnson Heade has acquired a reputation both as an artist and a naturalist. His studies of nature, particularly of hummingbirds, began in his youth and continued throughout his life. Following in the footsteps of other American artists, Heade went to South America and the Caribbean between 1863 and 1870. He visited Brazil, Nicaragua, Colombia, Puerto Rico, and Jamaica. At the age of 64, Heade married and moved from New York to St. Augustine, Florida, where he continued to paint for many years. Heade's patron at the time was Henry Flagler (1830-1913), railroad magnate and real estate developer of Florida's east coast. When Flagler built the great Hotel Ponce de León in 1885 (now Flagler College), he included studios for artists in order to attract them to St. Augustine. Heade occupied one of these studios.

Heade's writings on the conservation of Florida's natural wilderness are unparalleled as pioneering efforts. Heade's contribution to American nineteenth-century painting is embodied by his study of light, particularly as reflected in paintings of sun-dappled fields and marshes. In this painting, the orchid is a carefully studied representation of the Cattleya labiata Lindley, which is found in Venezuela, whereas the hummingbird has been identified as an Amethyst hummingbird, commonly found in the Amazon Basin.

Visitor's Comments:

"I would enjoy looking at this everyday! The contrast of the soft pink and the delicate petals coupled with the small amazing hummingbird against the surrounding stark environment make me think of hope and beauty springing out of any variety of life's environments." - anonymous

< < Back Next > >

stdClass Object ( [nid] => 199 [type] => permanent_art [language] => en [uid] => 1 [status] => 1 [created] => 1319177100 [changed] => 1321543747 [comment] => 0 [promote] => 0 [moderate] => 0 [sticky] => 0 [tnid] => 0 [translate] => 0 [vid] => 199 [revision_uid] => 3 [title] => Orchid with an Amethyst Hummingbird [body] =>
Permanent Art Location: 
American
Permanent Art Life Span: 
1819 - 1904
Catalog Number: 
C.0.112.1
Permanent Artist First Name: 
Martin Johnson
Permanent Artist Last Name: 
Heade
Permanent Image: 
Add "c."?: 
Yes
Permanent Year: 
1875-1890
Permanent Period: 
Late 18th and 19th Century American Art
Permanent Material: 
oil on canvas<br /> 18 1/16 x 10 1/8 in.

Martin Johnson Heade has acquired a reputation both as an artist and a naturalist. His studies of nature, particularly of hummingbirds, began in his youth and continued throughout his life. Following in the footsteps of other American artists, Heade went to South America and the Caribbean between 1863 and 1870. He visited Brazil, Nicaragua, Colombia, Puerto Rico, and Jamaica. At the age of 64, Heade married and moved from New York to St. Augustine, Florida, where he continued to paint for many years. Heade's patron at the time was Henry Flagler (1830-1913), railroad magnate and real estate developer of Florida's east coast. When Flagler built the great Hotel Ponce de León in 1885 (now Flagler College), he included studios for artists in order to attract them to St. Augustine. Heade occupied one of these studios.

Heade's writings on the conservation of Florida's natural wilderness are unparalleled as pioneering efforts. Heade's contribution to American nineteenth-century painting is embodied by his study of light, particularly as reflected in paintings of sun-dappled fields and marshes. In this painting, the orchid is a carefully studied representation of the Cattleya labiata Lindley, which is found in Venezuela, whereas the hummingbird has been identified as an Amethyst hummingbird, commonly found in the Amazon Basin.

Permanent Gift: 
Bequest of Ninah M. H. Cummer
Permanent Quote: 
"I would enjoy looking at this everyday! The contrast of the soft pink and the delicate petals coupled with the small amazing hummingbird against the surrounding stark environment make me think of hope and beauty springing out of any variety of life's environments." <strong>- anonymous</strong>
[log] => [revision_timestamp] => 1321543747 [format] => 2 [name] => trsg_admin [picture] => [data] => a:2:{s:5:"block";a:1:{s:6:"system";a:1:{i:0;i:0;}}s:13:"form_build_id";s:37:"form-e117a51f84d9bea5fc43155d6e4b7d47";} [path] => art/permanent-collection/orchid-amethyst-hummingbird [field_permanent_artist_fname] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [value] => Martin Johnson [safe] => Martin Johnson [view] => Martin Johnson ) ) [field_permanent_artist_lname] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [value] => Heade [safe] => Heade [view] => Heade ) ) [field_permanent_year] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [value] => 1875-1890 [safe] => 1875-1890 [view] => 1875-1890 ) ) [field_permanent_period] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [value] => 6 [safe] => 6 [view] => Late 18th and 19th Century American Art ) ) [field_permanent_material] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [value] => oil on canvas
18 1/16 x 10 1/8 in. [safe] => oil on canvas<br /> 18 1/16 x 10 1/8 in. [view] => oil on canvas<br /> 18 1/16 x 10 1/8 in. ) ) [field_permanent_gift] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [value] => Bequest of Ninah M. H. Cummer [safe] => Bequest of Ninah M. H. Cummer [view] => Bequest of Ninah M. H. Cummer ) ) [field_permanent_image] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [fid] => 156 [uid] => 1 [filename] => _C_112-Heade_sml.jpg [filepath] => sites/default/files/images/gallery/_C_112-Heade_sml.jpg [filemime] => image/jpeg [filesize] => 1126221 [status] => 1 [timestamp] => 1319182541 [list] => 1 [data] => Array ( [alt] => [title] => ) [nid] => 199 [view] => ) ) [field_permanent_catalog] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [value] => C.0.112.1 [safe] => C.0.112.1 [view] => C.0.112.1 ) ) [field_permanent_subtitle] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [value] => [safe] => [view] => ) ) [field_permanent_location] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [value] => American [safe] => American [view] => American ) ) [field_permanent_life] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [value] => 1819 - 1904 [safe] => 1819 - 1904 [view] => 1819 - 1904 ) ) [field_permanent_year_c] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [value] => 1 [safe] => 1 [view] => Yes ) ) [field_permanent_featured] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [value] => No [safe] => No [view] => No ) ) [field_permanent_quote] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [value] => "I would enjoy looking at this everyday! The contrast of the soft pink and the delicate petals coupled with the small amazing hummingbird against the surrounding stark environment make me think of hope and beauty springing out of any variety of life's environments." - anonymous [safe] => "I would enjoy looking at this everyday! The contrast of the soft pink and the delicate petals coupled with the small amazing hummingbird against the surrounding stark environment make me think of hope and beauty springing out of any variety of life's environments." <strong>- anonymous</strong> [view] => "I would enjoy looking at this everyday! The contrast of the soft pink and the delicate petals coupled with the small amazing hummingbird against the surrounding stark environment make me think of hope and beauty springing out of any variety of life's environments." <strong>- anonymous</strong> ) ) [current_revision_id] => 199 [is_current] => 1 [num_revisions] => 1 [revision_moderation] => [is_pending] => [_workflow] => [taxonomy] => Array ( ) [page_title] => [nodewords] => Array ( [abstract] => Array ( [value] => ) [canonical] => Array ( [value] => ) [copyright] => Array ( [value] => ) [dcterms.contributor] => Array ( [value] => ) [dcterms.creator] => Array ( [value] => ) [dcterms.date] => Array ( [value] => Array ( [month] => 10 [day] => 21 [year] => 2011 ) ) [dcterms.title] => Array ( [value] => ) [description] => Array ( [value] => ) [keywords] => Array ( [value] => ) [location] => Array ( [latitude] => [longitude] => ) [revisit-after] => Array ( [value] => 1 ) [robots] => Array ( [value] => Array ( [noarchive] => 0 [nofollow] => 0 [noindex] => 0 [noodp] => 0 [nosnippet] => 0 [noydir] => 0 ) [use_default] => 0 ) ) [build_mode] => 0 [readmore] => 1 [content] => Array ( [#pre_render] => Array ( [0] => content_alter_extra_weights ) [#content_extra_fields] => Array ( [title] => Array ( [label] => Title [description] => Node module form. [weight] => 11 ) [body_field] => Array ( [label] => Body [description] => Node module form. [weight] => 25 [view] => body ) [revision_information] => Array ( [label] => Revision information [description] => Node module form. [weight] => 30 ) [author] => Array ( [label] => Authoring information [description] => Node module form. [weight] => 29 ) [options] => Array ( [label] => Publishing options [description] => Node module form. [weight] => 31 ) [menu] => Array ( [label] => Menu settings [description] => Menu module form. [weight] => 17 ) [path] => Array ( [label] => Path settings [description] => Path module form. [weight] => 32 ) [workflow] => Array ( [label] => Workflow [description] => Workflow module form [weight] => 28 ) [nodewords] => Array ( [label] => Meta tags [description] => Meta tags fieldset. [weight] => 10 ) ) [field_permanent_subtitle] => Array ( [#type_name] => permanent_art [#context] => full [#field_name] => field_permanent_subtitle [#post_render] => Array ( [0] => content_field_wrapper_post_render ) [#weight] => 12 [field] => Array ( [#description] => [items] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [#formatter] => default [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type_name] => permanent_art [#field_name] => field_permanent_subtitle [#weight] => 0 [#theme] => text_formatter_default [#item] => Array ( [value] => [safe] => [#delta] => 0 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#theme_used] => 1 [#printed] => 1 [#type] => [#value] => [#prefix] => [#suffix] => ) [#title] => [#description] => [#printed] => 1 ) [#single] => 1 [#attributes] => Array ( ) [#required] => [#parents] => Array ( ) [#tree] => [#context] => full [#page] => 1 [#field_name] => field_permanent_subtitle [#title] => Sub Title [#access] => 1 [#label_display] => above [#teaser] => [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type] => content_field [#printed] => 1 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#printed] => 1 ) [field_permanent_location] => Array ( [#type_name] => permanent_art [#context] => full [#field_name] => field_permanent_location [#post_render] => Array ( [0] => content_field_wrapper_post_render ) [#weight] => 13 [field] => Array ( [#description] => [items] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [#formatter] => default [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type_name] => permanent_art [#field_name] => field_permanent_location [#weight] => 0 [#theme] => text_formatter_default [#item] => Array ( [value] => American [safe] => American [#delta] => 0 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#theme_used] => 1 [#printed] => 1 [#type] => [#value] => [#prefix] => [#suffix] => [#children] => American ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] => American [#printed] => 1 ) [#single] => 1 [#attributes] => Array ( ) [#required] => [#parents] => Array ( ) [#tree] => [#context] => full [#page] => 1 [#field_name] => field_permanent_location [#title] => Permanent Art Location [#access] => 1 [#label_display] => above [#teaser] => [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type] => content_field [#children] => American [#printed] => 1 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] =>
Permanent Art Location: 
American
[#printed] => 1 ) [field_permanent_life] => Array ( [#type_name] => permanent_art [#context] => full [#field_name] => field_permanent_life [#post_render] => Array ( [0] => content_field_wrapper_post_render ) [#weight] => 14 [field] => Array ( [#description] => [items] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [#formatter] => default [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type_name] => permanent_art [#field_name] => field_permanent_life [#weight] => 0 [#theme] => text_formatter_default [#item] => Array ( [value] => 1819 - 1904 [safe] => 1819 - 1904 [#delta] => 0 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#theme_used] => 1 [#printed] => 1 [#type] => [#value] => [#prefix] => [#suffix] => [#children] => 1819 - 1904 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] => 1819 - 1904 [#printed] => 1 ) [#single] => 1 [#attributes] => Array ( ) [#required] => [#parents] => Array ( ) [#tree] => [#context] => full [#page] => 1 [#field_name] => field_permanent_life [#title] => Permanent Art Life Span [#access] => 1 [#label_display] => above [#teaser] => [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type] => content_field [#children] => 1819 - 1904 [#printed] => 1 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] =>
Permanent Art Life Span: 
1819 - 1904
[#printed] => 1 ) [field_permanent_catalog] => Array ( [#type_name] => permanent_art [#context] => full [#field_name] => field_permanent_catalog [#post_render] => Array ( [0] => content_field_wrapper_post_render ) [#weight] => 15 [field] => Array ( [#description] => [items] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [#formatter] => default [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type_name] => permanent_art [#field_name] => field_permanent_catalog [#weight] => 0 [#theme] => text_formatter_default [#item] => Array ( [value] => C.0.112.1 [safe] => C.0.112.1 [#delta] => 0 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#theme_used] => 1 [#printed] => 1 [#type] => [#value] => [#prefix] => [#suffix] => [#children] => C.0.112.1 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] => C.0.112.1 [#printed] => 1 ) [#single] => 1 [#attributes] => Array ( ) [#required] => [#parents] => Array ( ) [#tree] => [#context] => full [#page] => 1 [#field_name] => field_permanent_catalog [#title] => Catalog Number [#access] => 1 [#label_display] => above [#teaser] => [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type] => content_field [#children] => C.0.112.1 [#printed] => 1 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] =>
Catalog Number: 
C.0.112.1
[#printed] => 1 ) [field_permanent_featured] => Array ( [#type_name] => permanent_art [#context] => full [#field_name] => field_permanent_featured [#post_render] => Array ( [0] => content_field_wrapper_post_render ) [#weight] => 16 [field] => Array ( [#description] => [items] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [#formatter] => default [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type_name] => permanent_art [#field_name] => field_permanent_featured [#weight] => 0 [#theme] => text_formatter_default [#item] => Array ( [value] => No [safe] => No [#delta] => 0 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#theme_used] => 1 [#printed] => 1 [#type] => [#value] => [#prefix] => [#suffix] => [#children] => No ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] => No [#printed] => 1 ) [#single] => 1 [#attributes] => Array ( ) [#required] => [#parents] => Array ( ) [#tree] => [#context] => full [#page] => 1 [#field_name] => field_permanent_featured [#title] => Featured [#access] => 1 [#label_display] => above [#teaser] => [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type] => content_field [#children] => No [#printed] => 1 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] => [#printed] => 1 ) [field_permanent_artist_fname] => Array ( [#type_name] => permanent_art [#context] => full [#field_name] => field_permanent_artist_fname [#post_render] => Array ( [0] => content_field_wrapper_post_render ) [#weight] => 18 [field] => Array ( [#description] => [items] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [#formatter] => default [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type_name] => permanent_art [#field_name] => field_permanent_artist_fname [#weight] => 0 [#theme] => text_formatter_default [#item] => Array ( [value] => Martin Johnson [safe] => Martin Johnson [#delta] => 0 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#theme_used] => 1 [#printed] => 1 [#type] => [#value] => [#prefix] => [#suffix] => [#children] => Martin Johnson ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] => Martin Johnson [#printed] => 1 ) [#single] => 1 [#attributes] => Array ( ) [#required] => [#parents] => Array ( ) [#tree] => [#context] => full [#page] => 1 [#field_name] => field_permanent_artist_fname [#title] => Permanent Artist First Name [#access] => 1 [#label_display] => above [#teaser] => [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type] => content_field [#children] => Martin Johnson [#printed] => 1 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] =>
Permanent Artist First Name: 
Martin Johnson
[#printed] => 1 ) [field_permanent_artist_lname] => Array ( [#type_name] => permanent_art [#context] => full [#field_name] => field_permanent_artist_lname [#post_render] => Array ( [0] => content_field_wrapper_post_render ) [#weight] => 19 [field] => Array ( [#description] => [items] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [#formatter] => default [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type_name] => permanent_art [#field_name] => field_permanent_artist_lname [#weight] => 0 [#theme] => text_formatter_default [#item] => Array ( [value] => Heade [safe] => Heade [#delta] => 0 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#theme_used] => 1 [#printed] => 1 [#type] => [#value] => [#prefix] => [#suffix] => [#children] => Heade ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] => Heade [#printed] => 1 ) [#single] => 1 [#attributes] => Array ( ) [#required] => [#parents] => Array ( ) [#tree] => [#context] => full [#page] => 1 [#field_name] => field_permanent_artist_lname [#title] => Permanent Artist Last Name [#access] => 1 [#label_display] => above [#teaser] => [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type] => content_field [#children] => Heade [#printed] => 1 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] =>
Permanent Artist Last Name: 
Heade
[#printed] => 1 ) [field_permanent_image] => Array ( [#type_name] => permanent_art [#context] => full [#field_name] => field_permanent_image [#post_render] => Array ( [0] => content_field_wrapper_post_render ) [#weight] => 20 [field] => Array ( [#description] => [items] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [#formatter] => image_plain [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type_name] => permanent_art [#field_name] => field_permanent_image [#weight] => 0 [#theme] => imagefield_formatter_image_plain [#item] => Array ( [fid] => 156 [uid] => 1 [filename] => _C_112-Heade_sml.jpg [filepath] => sites/default/files/images/gallery/_C_112-Heade_sml.jpg [filemime] => image/jpeg [filesize] => 1126221 [status] => 1 [timestamp] => 1319182541 [list] => 1 [data] => Array ( [alt] => [title] => ) [nid] => 199 [#delta] => 0 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#theme_used] => 1 [#printed] => 1 [#type] => [#value] => [#prefix] => [#suffix] => [#children] => ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] => [#printed] => 1 ) [#single] => 1 [#attributes] => Array ( ) [#required] => [#parents] => Array ( ) [#tree] => [#context] => full [#page] => 1 [#field_name] => field_permanent_image [#title] => Permanent Image [#access] => 1 [#label_display] => above [#teaser] => [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type] => content_field [#children] => [#printed] => 1 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] =>
Permanent Image: 
[#printed] => 1 ) [field_permanent_year_c] => Array ( [#type_name] => permanent_art [#context] => full [#field_name] => field_permanent_year_c [#post_render] => Array ( [0] => content_field_wrapper_post_render ) [#weight] => 21 [field] => Array ( [#description] => [items] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [#formatter] => default [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type_name] => permanent_art [#field_name] => field_permanent_year_c [#weight] => 0 [#theme] => text_formatter_default [#item] => Array ( [value] => 1 [safe] => 1 [#delta] => 0 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#theme_used] => 1 [#printed] => 1 [#type] => [#value] => [#prefix] => [#suffix] => [#children] => Yes ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] => Yes [#printed] => 1 ) [#single] => 1 [#attributes] => Array ( ) [#required] => [#parents] => Array ( ) [#tree] => [#context] => full [#page] => 1 [#field_name] => field_permanent_year_c [#title] => Add "c."? [#access] => 1 [#label_display] => above [#teaser] => [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type] => content_field [#children] => Yes [#printed] => 1 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] =>
Add "c."?: 
Yes
[#printed] => 1 ) [field_permanent_year] => Array ( [#type_name] => permanent_art [#context] => full [#field_name] => field_permanent_year [#post_render] => Array ( [0] => content_field_wrapper_post_render ) [#weight] => 22 [field] => Array ( [#description] => [items] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [#formatter] => default [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type_name] => permanent_art [#field_name] => field_permanent_year [#weight] => 0 [#theme] => text_formatter_default [#item] => Array ( [value] => 1875-1890 [safe] => 1875-1890 [#delta] => 0 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#theme_used] => 1 [#printed] => 1 [#type] => [#value] => [#prefix] => [#suffix] => [#children] => 1875-1890 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] => 1875-1890 [#printed] => 1 ) [#single] => 1 [#attributes] => Array ( ) [#required] => [#parents] => Array ( ) [#tree] => [#context] => full [#page] => 1 [#field_name] => field_permanent_year [#title] => Permanent Year [#access] => 1 [#label_display] => above [#teaser] => [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type] => content_field [#children] => 1875-1890 [#printed] => 1 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] =>
Permanent Year: 
1875-1890
[#printed] => 1 ) [field_permanent_period] => Array ( [#type_name] => permanent_art [#context] => full [#field_name] => field_permanent_period [#post_render] => Array ( [0] => content_field_wrapper_post_render ) [#weight] => 23 [field] => Array ( [#description] => [items] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [#formatter] => default [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type_name] => permanent_art [#field_name] => field_permanent_period [#weight] => 0 [#theme] => text_formatter_default [#item] => Array ( [value] => 6 [safe] => 6 [#delta] => 0 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#theme_used] => 1 [#printed] => 1 [#type] => [#value] => [#prefix] => [#suffix] => [#children] => Late 18th and 19th Century American Art ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] => Late 18th and 19th Century American Art [#printed] => 1 ) [#single] => 1 [#attributes] => Array ( ) [#required] => [#parents] => Array ( ) [#tree] => [#context] => full [#page] => 1 [#field_name] => field_permanent_period [#title] => Permanent Period [#access] => 1 [#label_display] => above [#teaser] => [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type] => content_field [#children] => Late 18th and 19th Century American Art [#printed] => 1 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] =>
Permanent Period: 
Late 18th and 19th Century American Art
[#printed] => 1 ) [field_permanent_material] => Array ( [#type_name] => permanent_art [#context] => full [#field_name] => field_permanent_material [#post_render] => Array ( [0] => content_field_wrapper_post_render ) [#weight] => 24 [field] => Array ( [#description] => [items] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [#formatter] => default [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type_name] => permanent_art [#field_name] => field_permanent_material [#weight] => 0 [#theme] => text_formatter_default [#item] => Array ( [value] => oil on canvas
18 1/16 x 10 1/8 in. [safe] => oil on canvas<br /> 18 1/16 x 10 1/8 in. [#delta] => 0 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#theme_used] => 1 [#printed] => 1 [#type] => [#value] => [#prefix] => [#suffix] => [#children] => oil on canvas<br /> 18 1/16 x 10 1/8 in. ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] => oil on canvas<br /> 18 1/16 x 10 1/8 in. [#printed] => 1 ) [#single] => 1 [#attributes] => Array ( ) [#required] => [#parents] => Array ( ) [#tree] => [#context] => full [#page] => 1 [#field_name] => field_permanent_material [#title] => Permanent Material [#access] => 1 [#label_display] => above [#teaser] => [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type] => content_field [#children] => oil on canvas<br /> 18 1/16 x 10 1/8 in. [#printed] => 1 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] =>
Permanent Material: 
oil on canvas<br /> 18 1/16 x 10 1/8 in.
[#printed] => 1 ) [body] => Array ( [#weight] => 25 [#value] =>

Martin Johnson Heade has acquired a reputation both as an artist and a naturalist. His studies of nature, particularly of hummingbirds, began in his youth and continued throughout his life. Following in the footsteps of other American artists, Heade went to South America and the Caribbean between 1863 and 1870. He visited Brazil, Nicaragua, Colombia, Puerto Rico, and Jamaica. At the age of 64, Heade married and moved from New York to St. Augustine, Florida, where he continued to paint for many years. Heade's patron at the time was Henry Flagler (1830-1913), railroad magnate and real estate developer of Florida's east coast. When Flagler built the great Hotel Ponce de León in 1885 (now Flagler College), he included studios for artists in order to attract them to St. Augustine. Heade occupied one of these studios.

Heade's writings on the conservation of Florida's natural wilderness are unparalleled as pioneering efforts. Heade's contribution to American nineteenth-century painting is embodied by his study of light, particularly as reflected in paintings of sun-dappled fields and marshes. In this painting, the orchid is a carefully studied representation of the Cattleya labiata Lindley, which is found in Venezuela, whereas the hummingbird has been identified as an Amethyst hummingbird, commonly found in the Amazon Basin.

[#title] => [#description] => [#printed] => 1 ) [field_permanent_gift] => Array ( [#type_name] => permanent_art [#context] => full [#field_name] => field_permanent_gift [#post_render] => Array ( [0] => content_field_wrapper_post_render ) [#weight] => 26 [field] => Array ( [#description] => [items] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [#formatter] => default [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type_name] => permanent_art [#field_name] => field_permanent_gift [#weight] => 0 [#theme] => text_formatter_default [#item] => Array ( [value] => Bequest of Ninah M. H. Cummer [safe] => Bequest of Ninah M. H. Cummer [#delta] => 0 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#theme_used] => 1 [#printed] => 1 [#type] => [#value] => [#prefix] => [#suffix] => [#children] => Bequest of Ninah M. H. Cummer ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] => Bequest of Ninah M. H. Cummer [#printed] => 1 ) [#single] => 1 [#attributes] => Array ( ) [#required] => [#parents] => Array ( ) [#tree] => [#context] => full [#page] => 1 [#field_name] => field_permanent_gift [#title] => Permanent Gift [#access] => 1 [#label_display] => above [#teaser] => [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type] => content_field [#children] => Bequest of Ninah M. H. Cummer [#printed] => 1 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] =>
Permanent Gift: 
Bequest of Ninah M. H. Cummer
[#printed] => 1 ) [field_permanent_quote] => Array ( [#type_name] => permanent_art [#context] => full [#field_name] => field_permanent_quote [#post_render] => Array ( [0] => content_field_wrapper_post_render ) [#weight] => 27 [field] => Array ( [#description] => [items] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [#formatter] => default [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type_name] => permanent_art [#field_name] => field_permanent_quote [#weight] => 0 [#theme] => text_formatter_default [#item] => Array ( [value] => "I would enjoy looking at this everyday! The contrast of the soft pink and the delicate petals coupled with the small amazing hummingbird against the surrounding stark environment make me think of hope and beauty springing out of any variety of life's environments." - anonymous [safe] => "I would enjoy looking at this everyday! The contrast of the soft pink and the delicate petals coupled with the small amazing hummingbird against the surrounding stark environment make me think of hope and beauty springing out of any variety of life's environments." <strong>- anonymous</strong> [#delta] => 0 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#theme_used] => 1 [#printed] => 1 [#type] => [#value] => [#prefix] => [#suffix] => [#children] => "I would enjoy looking at this everyday! The contrast of the soft pink and the delicate petals coupled with the small amazing hummingbird against the surrounding stark environment make me think of hope and beauty springing out of any variety of life's environments." <strong>- anonymous</strong> ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] => "I would enjoy looking at this everyday! The contrast of the soft pink and the delicate petals coupled with the small amazing hummingbird against the surrounding stark environment make me think of hope and beauty springing out of any variety of life's environments." <strong>- anonymous</strong> [#printed] => 1 ) [#single] => 1 [#attributes] => Array ( ) [#required] => [#parents] => Array ( ) [#tree] => [#context] => full [#page] => 1 [#field_name] => field_permanent_quote [#title] => Permanent Quote [#access] => 1 [#label_display] => above [#teaser] => [#node] => stdClass Object *RECURSION* [#type] => content_field [#children] => "I would enjoy looking at this everyday! The contrast of the soft pink and the delicate petals coupled with the small amazing hummingbird against the surrounding stark environment make me think of hope and beauty springing out of any variety of life's environments." <strong>- anonymous</strong> [#printed] => 1 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] =>
Permanent Quote: 
"I would enjoy looking at this everyday! The contrast of the soft pink and the delicate petals coupled with the small amazing hummingbird against the surrounding stark environment make me think of hope and beauty springing out of any variety of life's environments." <strong>- anonymous</strong>
[#printed] => 1 ) [#title] => [#description] => [#children] =>
Permanent Art Location: 
American
Permanent Art Life Span: 
1819 - 1904
Catalog Number: 
C.0.112.1
Permanent Artist First Name: 
Martin Johnson
Permanent Artist Last Name: 
Heade
Permanent Image: 
Add "c."?: 
Yes
Permanent Year: 
1875-1890
Permanent Period: 
Late 18th and 19th Century American Art
Permanent Material: 
oil on canvas<br /> 18 1/16 x 10 1/8 in.

Martin Johnson Heade has acquired a reputation both as an artist and a naturalist. His studies of nature, particularly of hummingbirds, began in his youth and continued throughout his life. Following in the footsteps of other American artists, Heade went to South America and the Caribbean between 1863 and 1870. He visited Brazil, Nicaragua, Colombia, Puerto Rico, and Jamaica. At the age of 64, Heade married and moved from New York to St. Augustine, Florida, where he continued to paint for many years. Heade's patron at the time was Henry Flagler (1830-1913), railroad magnate and real estate developer of Florida's east coast. When Flagler built the great Hotel Ponce de León in 1885 (now Flagler College), he included studios for artists in order to attract them to St. Augustine. Heade occupied one of these studios.

Heade's writings on the conservation of Florida's natural wilderness are unparalleled as pioneering efforts. Heade's contribution to American nineteenth-century painting is embodied by his study of light, particularly as reflected in paintings of sun-dappled fields and marshes. In this painting, the orchid is a carefully studied representation of the Cattleya labiata Lindley, which is found in Venezuela, whereas the hummingbird has been identified as an Amethyst hummingbird, commonly found in the Amazon Basin.

Permanent Gift: 
Bequest of Ninah M. H. Cummer
Permanent Quote: 
"I would enjoy looking at this everyday! The contrast of the soft pink and the delicate petals coupled with the small amazing hummingbird against the surrounding stark environment make me think of hope and beauty springing out of any variety of life's environments." <strong>- anonymous</strong>
[#printed] => 1 ) [links] => Array ( ) )